When you have made the hole in the chimney, you place the wall sleeve into the chimney and make it airtight with mortar.
NASD - Proper Installation, Operation and Maintenance of a Wood Stove
Then you place the stove and mount the pipe. You can place a thin packagign between the pipe and the wall asleeve. You can read more about the chimney's placement and its importance, as well as the importance of proper chimney draft here. By doing this, you keep the heat in the room instead of leading it away into the chimney. About Aduro Warranty Download Shop. How to install your new stove?
Since the wood stove is a potentially dangerous device, treat it with respect and show proper adherence to installation procedures. When an efficient, airtight stove is selected and installed with a proper chimney, the efficiency and safety of the stove operation largely depends on the skill of the operator. The first consideration in operating a stove efficiently is properly preparing the wood for use in the stove.
Thoroughly air dry the wood to ensure a moisture content of about 20 percent so that the maximum amount of energy is extracted from the wood. Green wood does not burn well and the amount of energy available in green wood is 60 percent less than the amount of energy available in dry wood. Season green wood at least six months. Protect the wood from rain or snow with a cover so it does not absorb moisture.
The type of wood used also affects stove operation. Regulate stove operation by the size and type of wood used. Use hardwood which is not in abundance in Colorado, the only exception being gambel oak , if available, for overnight burns since its higher density provides a longer duration burn. Use small split wood for fire starting and quick heating, often needed in the morning. Use larger round or split pieces when the stove is regularly attended.
The chimney's placement
Proper operation of a stove improves efficiency and reduces creosote problems. A small hot fire is the most efficient way to burn wood. Add small amounts of wood at a time to the stove and operate the draft controls in at least a half-open position. However, with overnight burns, load the firebox with wood and restrict the draft for a long duration burn.
This type of burn produces more creosote. When loading the firebox for an overnight burn, set the draft controls wide open for the first 20 minutes to establish a hot fire and restrict the draft. When firing the stove upon awakening in the morning, open the draft wide open with a small hot fire to help dissipate creosote that may have developed from the overnight burn. Make every attempt to operate the stove using a small hot fire whenever it is regularly attended.
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- How to Install a Wood Burning Stove!
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The use of a chimney temperature gauge helps assess the operating mode of the stove. This device shows temperature of the burning gases exiting the stove. Install in the chimney connector approximately 3 feet from the exit of the stove. It can be a useful device to help monitor the operation of the stove and retard the production of creosote. When using a wood stove, be sensitive to the operating characteristics.
Regulate the amount of wood and the amount of air provided to the stove to achieve comfort levels in the house. Since a stove does not respond automatically, anticipate its performance in order to have uniform heat production. An essential part of operational procedures is to know what to do in an emergency situation caused by a chimney fire. A chimney fire occurs when buildup of creosote in the chimney is ignited and burns quickly and hot.
A chimney fire is not difficult to detect. It involves flames and sparks shooting out the top of the chimney, a roaring sound similar to a jet engine, the stovepipe glowing red hot and vibration or throbbing of the stovepipe. It generally has a short duration but is intensely hot and has the potential to do serious damage to the chimney and, in some cases, extreme damage to the house.
The best reaction to a chimney fire is to shut off the oxygen to the stove, alert occupants in the house, call the fire department, and make careful observation of the chimney, attic and outside of the house for fire. When a chimney fire is extinguished, carefully inspect the chimney for damage. Inspect the area around the chimney for any smoldering fires that may have started due to the intense heat, and before using the stove again be sure that nothing is damaged that would compromise the safety of the chimney. A chimney fire can be avoided with periodic chimney cleaning and avoiding extremely hot fires which can occur when burning trash, Christmas wrapping paper, etc.
When a stove begins to glow, it is usually the result of being over-fired. This can damage the stove and has potential to start a chimney fire. Use of a wood stove requires regular attention to a few maintenance procedures--proper cleaning of the chimney to remove creosote deposits, and regular inspection of the installation and handling of ashes. Creosote is an inevitable by-product of burning wood.
Periodically clean out the deposits formed on the chimney walls to ensure good performance of the stove and reduce any safety hazards created by the creosote deposits. Clean chimneys at least once a year. Chimneys can be cleaned by a homeowner, using a stiff wire brush designed for the purpose, or by a professional chimney sweep.
Cleaning a chimney can be a messy task because of the creosote deposits that are scraped out of the chimney. Take care to prevent dust and creosote from settling in the house. Wear a face mask when cleaning a chimney to avoid inhaling the creosote particles. DO —burn only dry, well-seasoned wood.
How to install your new stove
DO —consider opening a window a crack for ventilation. DO —dispose of ashes in a closed metal container outside the house. Be sure your stove is made of sturdy, suitable material, such as cast iron or steel.
- Distance to combustible materials.
- Wood Stove Safety!
- Wood Stove Safety | III.
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Look for stoves listed by Underwriters Laboratories UL or other recognized testing laboratories. If you purchase a used stove, check it carefully for cracks or other defects. The legs, hinges, grates and draft louvers also should be checked carefully. If you live in a mobile home, be sure your stove is of a type specifically approved for use in such a dwelling. Before installing your stove, check with local authorities to be sure you comply with local fire and building codes.
Think twice about where you'll put your stove. Usually a centralized location is best if the stove is to be used as a heating device. One point to consider is that warmed air rises.
If the stove is too near a stairwell, you may lose much of your heat to the floor above. If you plan to use an existing chimney, both its location and the length of its flue will be determining factors. If you use an existing fireplace chimney to vent your stove, it must be sealed off below the stove pipe's point of entry to prevent toxic gases from backing up into the room. This can be done by:. The cross-section area of the chimney flue should be at least 25 percent bigger than and not more than three times that of the stove pipe.
Avoid connecting more than one heating device to a single chimney flue because flue gases and sparks may pass from one flue opening into another and unsatisfactory operation may also result. Be sure your chimney is in good condition and that it has a flue lining. Check for missing flue tiles and cracked masonry. You may want to have a chimney sweep check the chimney and a mason make any repairs that may be needed.